Facts about the urban and rural education system in Nigeria

Education is the most important aspect in societal development school plays a major role in development. As for students, they need to have good skills and be proactive with an appropriate futuristic set of mind. 

Besides that, students also need to be active in co-curricular activities along with high academic achievements.

Urban areas relate to the areas that are surrounded by cities and are well-populated compared to rural areas which are sparsely populated and are usually farmlands or country areas. Recent educational research has examined rural and urban differences and their achievements. 

Everyone including the teachers, researchers, and members of the general public has believed that students from rural schools mostly receive an education that is inferior compared to the students that live in urban areas. Student’s backgrounds also impact their performances. 

Many of the students that live in the urban areas have higher academic achievements when compared with the students in rural areas.

The excellent performances of urban students are because of better quality in their educational information that they get from various sources like mass media and electronic media, their educated families and peer groups help them for better performance. 

They have many advantages and facilities compared to the students in the rural areas who are less exposed to the outside world and also lack knowledge about current issues.

Here are some facts and reasons why the students in the urban areas are better in achievements than the students in the rural areas. 

They are geographic location, resources, availability of technology, and also the quality of teachers.  To start with,(family factor) in the rural areas, family is one of the factors that determine their children’s performances. According to this, it is likely for the students in rural areas to have low academic performances compared to students in urban areas because it is associated with the education of their parents. The majority of parents in rural areas are less educated compared to parents in urban areas. The family background is the most important factor determining the academic performance of learners. It has been confirmed that rural students felt no pressure to attain good performance since their parent’s expectations are low towards education. 

Also, (low socio-economic factor) the students’ backgrounds relate to the low socio-economic factor of their families, also one of the factors that affect their performances in education. Most of the students that live in rural areas come from low-income families. Parents cannot provide them enough educational resources at home, compared to students in urban areas.

(lack of facilities and resources). Education promotes human capital development as an asset that has greater or lower rates of return depending on the quality of education that is provided. Some of the factors that contribute to the poor performances are lack of resources or poor facilities in most schools in the rural areas compared to the students in urban areas, due to the unequal distribution of resources.

Moreover, (less quality teachers). Teachers are important in creating good performances in students. In the urban education system most of the teachers are very competent and of high quality, but some of these good-quality teachers don’t usually want the government to transfer them to rural areas because they think it will bring a difficulty to them in that case the majority of the newly employed teachers who are less experienced will be transferred to rural areas. So, urban education is far more superior to rural education in terms of everything.

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